13 May 2021

Launch of Census of Population and Housing 2021

The National Statistics Office (NSO) will be holding the Census of Population and Housing 2021 in accordance with national legislation – Census Act 1948 and EU regulatory requirements – Regulation (EC) No 763/2008, as well as the recommendations, concepts and definitions on population censuses made by the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

The data collection will be starting in October 2021. The Census date will be November 21, 2021. Census 2021 will be marked by important innovations. In line with both Government and NSO policy in adopting environment-friendly measures as well as to automate the collection of data, for the first time, people can opt to fill in the questionnaire through an online form. The time needed to complete the online questionnaire is approximately 20 minutes for a household of three persons. Another novelty is that the interviewers visiting the households will record the information in tablet computers rather than through the traditional paper questionnaire. The main advantage of this innovation is enhanced information security given that all collected data will be encrypted so that only authorised Census personnel with access to a secret key or password can read it. Other advantages are reduced paper use and more efficiency. Forms will still be printed to cover all possible exigencies of the households responding to the questionnaire.

Through this Census, key socio-economic information will be collected and compiled. The list of topics to be covered include:


  • Sex
  • Age
  • Country of birth
  • Country of citizenship
  • Location of place of usual residence
  • Ever resided abroad and year of arrival in country
  • Previous place of usual residence
  • Relationship between household members (to derive household status, family status, type of family nucleus, size of family nucleus, type of private household, size of private household)
  • Legal marital status
  • Educational attainment
  • Labour status
  • Status in employment
  • Occupation
  • Industry
  • Locality of place of work


  • Type of living quarters
  • Type of building
  • Period of construction
  • Number of rooms in housing unit
  • Type of ownership
  • Tenure status of household
  • Dwelling amenities
  • Type of heating
  • Occupancy status
  • Number of occupants

Upon completion, the aggregated results will be made public and used to identify and address specific issues through tailor-made policy measures that concern this sector. These statistics will also be used for planning and support purposes. Such statistical data will be shared with the statistical office of the European Union, Eurostat, whereby Malta’s socio-economic situation will be compared with that in other European member states.

Participation in the Census of Population and Housing is obligatory as set in the Census Act 1948.

Like with all its surveys, the NSO ensures that the data collected remains confidential and will be used solely for statistical purposes.

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